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首頁TOEFLTOEFL準備要領TOEFL寫作篇:翻譯大師教你學寫作-高分修辭篇 VI
 
       
   

翻譯大師教你學寫作-高分修辭篇 VI

郭岱宗老師

 
       
   

用字遣詞是化妝師

以下是英文作文中常見到的基本用語,我們就用它們來做例子,讓各位讀者一眼就知道如何立刻提昇英文寫作的用字遣詞。

寫作的常用語

Part 2


 

初級英文

高級英文


更何況

in addition,
moreover,
furthermore,
besides,

…, let alone

例 … because I love her; besides , she is my only child.

改為

… because I lover her, let alone that she is my only child.
我 … 是因為我愛她,更何況她是我的獨生女。

still less,

例 I don't mind assisting my students; besides , it's my responsibility.

改為

I don't mind assisting my students; still less , I'm fulfilling my responsibility.
我不介意幫助學生,更何況這是我的職責。

現在;目前

now
today
so far
yet

to date

例 This work is not finished yet .

改為

This work is not completed to date .
這個工作至今尚未完成。

at present

例 So far 30 people have already come.

改為

Thirty people have arrived at present .
目前 來了三十人。
※ 1. 在寫作中, 0-9 須拼英文字, 10 以上則使用阿拉伯數字。
※ 2. 任何數字在句首都須拼出英文。

at the present stage

例 Let's wait and not reveal the crisis yet .

改為

Let's not reveal the crisis at the present stage .
我們目前暫時不要揭露危機。

Currently

例 They are doing really well now .

改為

They are currently performing marvelously.
他們目前表現得真好。

我的 結論是

my conclusion is…
to sum up,

In conclusion,

例 In conclusion, + 句子
結論是 , …

To summarize,

例 To summarize , + 句子
結論是 , …

To state succinctly,

例 To state succinctly , + 句子
結論是 , …

因為

because
for

is ascribed to

例 He is successful because he has worked hand.

改為

His success can be ascribed to hard work.
他因努力而成功。

due to the fact (that)

例 He failed because he never tried his best.

改為

He failed due to the fact he had never tried his best.
他因未盡全力而失敗。

停止

stop
quit

abstain from

例 He is trying to quit smoking.

改為

He is trying to abstain from smoking.
他正在努力戒菸。

習慣於

be used to

habitually
例 He is used to tolerating her.

改為

He is habitually tolerant of her.
他已習慣於容忍她。

adapt (oneself) to

例 We should try to get used to this teacher.

改為

We should adapt ourselves with this teacher.
我們應該去適應這個老師。

例 Students should learn to get used to working quickly and assuming great responsibilities.

改為

Students must adapt themselves to working efficiently and taking responsibility.
學生應該習慣有效率以及有責任地做事情。

在 … 方面特別

especially …

specialize in

例 He is especially strong with numbers.

改為

He specializes in numbers.
他對數字很在行。

比 … 好

better than

superior to

例 His memory is better than mine.

改為

His memory is superior to mine.
他的記憶力 比我強 。

不比 … 好

not better than

 

inferior to

例 My performance is worse than yours.

改為

My performance is inferior to yours.
我的表現比你差 。

理當

…should…

supposedly

例 Students should be carefree.

改為

Students are supposedly carefree.
學生應該無憂無慮。

theoretically

例 Boys should be taller than girls.

改為

Boys are theoretically taller than girls.
男生應該比女生高。

根據報導

according to…

allegedly,

例 According to the newspaper, the birth rate is going down.

改為

Allegedly , the birth rate is declining.
根據報導 ,出生率在下降。

令我驚訝的是

to my surprise

surprisingly,

例 He didn't come. What a surprise !

改為

Surprisingly , he didn't show up.
他居然沒來,真令人驚訝 !

我沒想到

I didn't know that
I never know something would happen

unexpectedly,

例 I didn't know that I could pass!

改為

Unexpectedly , I passed!
真沒想到 ,我居然過關了!

had never expected (would happen)

例 I never knew we would fall in love.

改為

We fell in love, which I had never expected !
我從沒想到 ,我們居然戀愛了!

Part 3


 

初級英文

高級英文


極大的力量

with great strength

with the strength of several people

例 He lifts heavy objects with great strength .

改為

He lifts heavy objects with the strength of several people .
他 用極大的力量 抬重物。

在背後說人壞話

talk behind someone's back

say bad things behind someone's back

smear

例 Don't talk behind my back.

改為

Don't smear me.
不要 在背後中傷 我。

malign

例 Don't say bad things behind his back. He is a very good person.

改為

Don't malign him--he's a good person.
他是一個有品格的人, 不要說他壞話 。

vilify

例 They often say bad things about her because they are jealous.

改為

They vilify her out of jealousy.
他們 說她壞話 是因為嫉妒。

百分百地保密

keep it 100% secret

 

don't tell anyone

keep something strictly confidential

例 He didn't tell anyone about it.

改為

He kept it strictly confidential .
他 沒告訴任何人 。

maintain absolute secrecy

例 Please promise not to let anyone know .

改為

Please maintain absolute secrecy .
拜託 完完全全保密 !

任性而為

do whatever one wants to do

capricious

例 Parents should not spoil the children by letting them do whatever they want to do .

改為

Children should not be allowed to be capricious .
孩子不該被寵而 任性 。

活潑的

active

vibrant (活潑的、容光煥發的)

例 You look vibrant today.
你今天看起來 容光煥發 !

animated (生動活潑的)

例 This story is animated .
這個故事 很生動 。

lively (生命盎然的)

例 We had a lively discussion .
我們 熱烈 討論 。

vivacious (有活力的)

例 This old woman is vivacious .
這位老人 充滿活力 。

較長的寫作常用語


 

初級英文

高級英文

事實上,並不 …

in fact + 否定句

as a matter of fact + 否定句

there's no factual basis for …

例 In fact , this saying isn't true.

改為

There's no factual basis for this.
這一方面的觀點 並不對 。

我們都知… 有害

We all know it's harmful to….

poses known hazards to…

例 We all know it's harmful t o eat too much.

改為

Overeating poses known hazards to our health.
多吃 有害 。

事實證明, …

The fact proves that…

the evidence suggests (that)

例 The fact proved the prediction was correct.

改為

The evidence suggested that the prediction was correct.
事實證明 ,這個預測是正確的。

事實強烈地證明

The fact strongly proves

an undeniable fact can be found

例 The fact strongly proves that teaching is learning.

改為

An undeniable fact can be found in expression, “teaching is learning.”
教即是學,這是 無庸置疑 的。

必須決定輕重緩急

must decide what the most important thing to do first is

prioritize…

例 We must learn to decide what the most important thing to do first is .

改為

We must learn to prioritize .
我們必須學會 事有先後 。

和別人一起(吃社交飯)的時候

while we're (eating) with people for social contact

in social (V-ing)

例 While we're talking with people for the purpose of social contact , we….

改為

In social communicating , we…
當我們 和別人進行社交方面的交談時 ,我們 …

例 : While we eat with people for the purpose of social contact , we…

改為

In social dining, we….
當我們 和別人進行吃飯社交時 ,我們 …

我們必須尊重別人,

所以我們 …

We must respect people, so we…

We…in due respect for others.

例 We must respect people , so we should wear suitable clothes.

改為

We are properly dressed in due respect for others .
為了尊重別人 ,我們的穿著需合宜。

如果我們 … ,

就會 …

If we …, we will …

…can be…

例 If we are polite, we will be very popular.

改為

Courtesy can be winning.
我們如果有禮貌, 就會 交到很多朋友。

例 If we work hard, we will succeed.

改為

Hard work can be rewarding.
我們如果有努力, 就會 成功!

例 If we have faith, we will make it.

改為

Faith can be winning.
我們如果有信心, 就會 成功!

如果我們從 … 的角度來看

If we look at it from the angle of …

from a … perspective

例 If we look at it from the angle of technology , iPods are a great technological invention.

改為

From a technical perspective , ipods are a great technological invention.
從技術的角度來看 , iPod 是一項很棒的科學發明。

例 If we look at it from the angle of money , he is successful

改為

From a financial perspective , he is successful.
如果我們 以金錢的角度來看 ,他是成功的。

例 If we look at it from the angle of the third person , ….

改為

From the third-person perspective , ….
如果我們以第三者的角度來看 , …

用 … 做為基礎, …

on the basis of …

on a foundation grown from ...

例 On the basis of love, marriage can succeed.

改為

Marriage is optimal on a foundation grown from love.
婚姻如果 以 愛 為基礎 ,就會成功。

例 Friendship grows strong on the basis of mutual trust.

改為

Friendship strengthens on a foundation grown from mutual trust.
以 互信 為基礎 的友誼是堅固的。

以上簡單地讓大家看到,用字遣詞有不同的層次。

更多內容,請參閱「翻譯大師教你學寫作-高分修辭篇 」,貝塔語言出版
 
       
   
 

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