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Time vocabulary
2014/11/18

Last week we learnt about the difference between present simple and present perfect. This week, we are going to learn which time chunks or time words you can use with these two tenses. When you are using time words or time chunks, you must make sure the verb tense and the time chunks have the same meaning. In other words, they must both mean ‘finished time’ or they must both mean ‘unfinished time.’ Look at these exampes:

Last week I have been to Hong Kong. WRONG
last week means finished time, I have been to Hong Kong, means unfinished time, so the time chunk and the verb tense are giving different meanings: the reader will get confused: which meaning is the correct one?
 
Last week, I went to Hong Kong. RIGHT
Both the time chunk and the verb tense are giving the same meaning, and that meaning is finished time.
 
Let’s now look at some of the time words and chunks you can use with the past simple and present perfect.
 
Task 1: Sort these time vocabulary into the table below. 

 afterwards
 
 ago
 
 at one time
 
 during that time
 
 during this time
 
 eventually
 
 formerly
 
 immediately
 
 in 2005
 
 in March
 
 last quarter
 last year
 
 next
 
 once
 
 originally
 
 so far
 
 subsequently
 then
 
 this quarter
 
 this week
 
 this year
 
 year-to-date
 
 yesterday

finished time chunks =
use with past simple
unfinished time chunks =
use with present perfect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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*2014/11/21更新
 
Task 1 Feedback: Time vocabulary with past simple and present perfect
 
Task 1: Compare your answers with the table below.
 
finished time chunks
unfinished time chunks
 
 afterwards
 
 ago
 
 at one time
 
 during that time
 
 eventually
 
 formerly
 
 immediately
 
 in 2005
 
 
 in March
 
 last quarter
 
 last year
 
 next
 
 once
 
 originally
 
 subsequently
 
 then
 
 yesterday
 
 
 during this time
 
 so far
 
 this quarter
 
 this week
 
 this year
 
 year-to-date
 
 
* ‘In 2005’ always means past time. For the year you are in use ‘this year.’
 
* In March’ always means past time. For the month you are in, use ‘this month.’
 
* Year-to-date’ means from January 1st to now.
 
 
文章分類:Tense overview
上一篇:Present perfect Vs Past simple
下一篇:Using time chunks with the correct tense
 
 
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